Overdose is one of the most serious challenging risk that people using drugs face. Especially after release from prison or hospitalisation they face an serious increased risk of overdosing. Naloxon is a safe antidote and highly effective intervention to an opioid overdose that can easily be administered by lay people.
Prisoners are more likely to have used drugs compared with the general population, and are exposed to various sources of higher risk like injecting, tattooing, unsafe sex. Many prisoners have complex health and social needs and assessment and treatment of drug related problems is important in prison. This highlights the role of the prison setting, in particular as a critical location for addressing problems for high-risk drug users.
Needle & Syringe Projects
The provision of clean injecting equipment is not very common in Europe, with the existence of syringe programmes in this setting reported by 5 countries, only 3 of which report the intervention’s actual implementation.
In many parts of the world, Europe, Asia, and North America opioid dependent people are over-represented in prisons. In these regions they represent about one third of the prison population and up to 80% in some countries such as in Central Asia. In sub-Saharan Africa, the problem is emerging, while in Latin America the main dependency is to cocaine.