AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ART Antiretroviral therapy
BBV Blood-borne virus
CPT Centre for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
EMCDDA European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
HBsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HCV Hepatitis C virus
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
ICD International Classification of Diseases
IDU Intravenous drug users
IEC Information, education and communication
ILO International Labour Organization
LGBT Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender
MDR Multidrug-resistant TB
MMT Methadone Maintenance Treatment
NGO Non governmental organization
NSP Needle and syringe programme
OST opioid substitution therapy
PEP Post-exposure prophylaxis (for HIV)
PNSP Prison (or other closed setting) needle and syringe programme
PWID People who inject drugs
RCT Randomised controlled trial
ST Substitution Treatment
STI Sexually transmitted infection
TB Tuberculosis
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
WHO World Health Organization
WMA World Medical Association
XDR Extensively drug-resistant TB