The red ribbon has long been a potent symbol of HIV/AIDS activism, signifying anger at the bureaucratic red tape that, in the 1980s, delayed release of life-saving treatmentsto people living with HIV/AIDS.

It’s been described as ‘Skype for the jailed’ and is being sold as safer and more convenient. But it begs the question: are in-person visits a human right?

Since it decriminalised all drugs in 2001, Portugal has seen dramatic drops in overdoses, HIV infection and drug-related crime

How achieving undetectable status can make the risk of transmitting the virus to a partner almost non-existent

Police in the Borders have warned of a risk of overdose linked to heroin which may have been mixed with a painkiller which is 50 times more potent.

Oklahoma State University staff and students spent hours Tuesday passing out information about opioid and prescription drug abuse in hopes of raising awareness about the increasing problem both locally and nation wide.

Living in a heroin epidemic can lead to all kinds of talk about addiction and the answers to it – with a lot of it false.

Compared with the general public, people in prison have a higher prevalence of infection with HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and tuberculosis. Such increased prevalence of diseases among people in prisons is recognised as a major risk for the health of both people living and working in prison settings and for the general population, as the vast majority of people in prisons return to their communities after less than 24 months of incarceration. According to the principle of equivalence of care, people in prison should enjoy an equivalent standard of care as in the community. Yet, their health needs tend to be greater. Incarceration may thus represent a unique opportunity to make adequate healthcare services available to people and target groups that usually are hard to reach.

There are three reasons why we have prisons: to protect the public from violent offenders, to provide a form of punishment to those who commit crimes, and to rehabilitate those who do break the law so they can become members of our communities once more.

Remarkable progress is being made on HIV treatment. Ahead of World AIDS Day, UNAIDS has launched a new report showing that access to treatment has risen significantly. In 2000, just 685 000 people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy. By June 2017, around 20.9 million people had access to the life-saving medicines. Such a dramatic scale-up could not have happened without the courage and determination of people living with HIV demanding and claiming their rights, backed up by steady, strong leadership and financial commitment.

The EMCDDA DRID expert meeting brings together specialists from across Europe to discuss the latest developments in drug-related infectious diseases in Europe, covering the main topic areas of epidemiology, responses and monitoring.

An illustration contest was organised to enrich training materials on substitution treatment in penitentiary units in Poland by the National AIDS Center and Służewiec Penitentiary Unit, in collaboration with the Joint Action HA-REACT project .

We have spent one day with the mobile clinic in Kyiv, Ukraine, that provides HIV testing for people who inject drugs. The social worker Tatiana quit using drugs and has now been diagnosing five HIV cases monthly.

For decades, guns and imprisonment have been the hallmarks of Brazil’s war against the drug trafficking. But the only way to beat the gangs is to stop creating criminals, says a top Brazilian judge

When Russia annexed Crimea in March 2014, the peninsula’s new leadership announced the substitution therapy (OAT) would be banned.

A recent study shows that the bail conditions placed on alleged offenders — especially drug users — are preventing access to harm-reduction services in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver.

In response to the fentanyl crisis that's taken a toll on Vancouver and other parts of Canada, Quebec says it will expand its free antidote program.

Jennifer Marie Johnson is currently serving six years in a Minnesota prison for giving her husband methadone that led to a fatal overdose. Erik Scott Brown got 23 years in federal prison after his friend overdosed on one-tenth of a gram of heroin. Samantha Molkenthen, a 21-year-old from Wisconsin, got 15 years after her friend died while they shared heroin. Molkenthen was pregnant when she was arrested and had to give up her child for adoption.

Today, more than half of all people living with HIV in the United States are 50 years or older. This is mostly because people are living much longer with HIV thanks to effective antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, and that’s good news.

A number of European countries have implemented drug checking with the aim of providing targeted preventive messages to recreational drug users. This approach, which is more individualised than mass media campaigns, provides an incentive for drug users to participate in a dialogue about prevention and harm reduction, because they get to know the test results, that is they receive information about the particular drugs they are consuming.