Recovery of Infectious Hepatitis C Virus From Injection Paraphernalia: Implications for Prevention Programs Serving People Who Inject Drugs. Heimer et al.
Hepatitis C virus could not be recovered from cookers regardless of input syringe type or cooker design. Recovery was higher when comparing detachable needles to fxed needles for residue in input syringes (73.8% vs 0%), flters (15.4% vs 1.4%), and receptive syringes (93.8% vs 45.7%).
Published in 2019 by The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2018;217:466–73